Forex turnover dropped marginally by 2.26%, as Nigeria’s exchange rate at the NAFEX window remained stable against the dollar to close at N386/$1 during intra-day trading on Monday, November 16.
Also, the naira depreciated against the dollar, closing at N470/$1 at the parallel market on Friday, November 13, 2020 – its weakest level in 12 weeks as the inability of the official market to meet increasing forex demand of manufacturers and traders put further pressure on the parallel market
This is despite the allocation of about $1 billion to Bureau De Change (BDC) Operators since September by the CBN.
Parallel market: According to information from Abokifx – a prominent FX tracking website, at the black market where forex is traded unofficially, the Naira depreciated against the dollar to close at N475/$1 on Monday.
This represents a N5 drop when compared to the N470/$1 that it exchanged for on Friday, November 13.
- The local currency had strengthened by about 7.8% within one week in September at the black market, as the CBN introduced some measures targeted at exporters and importers.
- This is to boost the supply of dollars in the foreign exchange market and reduce the high demand for forex by traders.
- The CBN has sold about $1 billion to BDCs since they resumed forex sales on Monday, September 7, 2020.
- This was expected to inject more liquidity to the retail end of the foreign exchange market and discourage hoarding and speculation.
- However, the exchange rate against the dollar has remained volatile after the initial gains made, following the CBN’s resumption of sales of dollars to the BDCs.
- The President of the Association of Bureau De Change Operators, Aminu Gwadebe, said he expects the impact of the extra liquidity in the market to be gradual.
- Despite the drop in speculative buying of foreign exchange, the huge demand backlog by manufacturers and foreign investors still puts pressure and creates a volatile situation in the foreign exchange market.NAFEX: The Naira remained stable against the dollar at the Investors and Exporters (I&E) window on Monday, closing at N386/$1.
- This was the same rate that it exchanged for on Friday, November 13.
- The opening indicative rate was N385.50 to a dollar on Monday. This also represents a N1 gain when compared to the N386.50 that was recorded on Friday.
- The N392.80 to a dollar was the highest rate during intra-day trading before it still closed at N386 to a dollar. It also sold for as low as N381/$1 during intra-day trading.
- Forex turnover: Forex turnover at the Investor and Exporters (I&E) window declined marginally by 2.26% on Monday, November 16, 2020.
- According to the data tracked by Nairametrics from FMDQ, forex turnover dropped from $113.95 million on Friday, November 13, 2020, to $111.38 million on Monday, November 16, 2020.
- The CBN is still struggling to clear the backlog of foreign exchange demand, especially by foreign investors wishing to repatriate their funds.
- The continuous drop in dollar supply reinforces the volatility of the foreign exchange market. The supply of dollars has been on a decline for months due to low oil prices and the absence of foreign capital inflow into the country.
- The average daily forex sale for last week was about $169.93 million, which represents a huge increase from the $34.5 million that was recorded the previous week.
- Total forex trading at the NAFEX window in the month of September was about $1.98 billion, compared to $843.97 million in August.
- The exchange rate is still being affected by low oil prices, dollar scarcity, a backlog of forex demand, and a shaky economy that has been hit by the coronavirus pandemic.
- A financial expert and Managing Director of Financial Derivatives had stated that he expects the exchange rate at the parallel market to likely depreciate to N470-N475/$1 in November and December due to low oil prices that will further limit foreign exchange supply.
- Some members of MPC of the CBN have expressed serious concerns over the increasing demand pressure in the country’s foreign exchange market. This is an obligation of manufacturers to their foreign suppliers continues to increase in the face of dollar shortages.